A pathologist compares the cells within microscope and determines when the cancer has spread out of your colon or maybe the liver cancer is really a new, independent cancer. This might affect your treatments, prognosis, and also the stage and grade of the cancer.
There are a variety of the way your physician may approach treating the liver tumors. She or he might point to surgery, ablation or palliative treatments. Your plan for treatment depends upon a few factors, including:
- Happens and grade of the cancer
- How old you are and current health
- The amount and placement of tumors contained in your liver
- The healthiness of your unaffected liver
- In case your veins or arterial blood vessels are near to the tumors inside your liver
- The kind of treatment you’ve already suffered (chemotherapy, radiation or surgery) to deal with the main cancerous tumors
The surgery of the liver tumor is known as a resection. Most generally, the physician is only going to suggest surgery when the lesion is isolated and when it may be removed completely (a couple of tumors with clearly defined borders).
Radiofrequency ablation (also known as RFA) is really a procedure sometimes accustomed to destroy lesions within the liver if surgical resection isn’t an option. RFA could be completed with the skin (percutaneous) or during surgery. A needle or probe creates heat through radiofrequency, which heats and destroys cancer cells.
In case your physician has made the decision you aren’t an applicant for resection or RFA, she or he may encourage palliative treatment measures to improve your comfort and survival. Generally, the fluid build-up and swelling inside your abdomen may cause discomfort and could be drained using ultrasound-led removal. The process, known as a paracentesis or abdominal tap, needs a needle to empty the surplus fluids. The fluid will re-accumulate, therefore the procedure might need to be repeated every couple of days or several weeks.
Palliative radiation and chemotherapy may also be used to manage the development and spread of liver metastasis. The therapy isn’t meant to "cure" cancer, simply to lessen the discomfort connected using the liver tumors.
American Cancer Society. (2006). American Cancer Society’s Complete Help guide to Colorectal Cancer. Clifton Fields, NE: American Cancer Society.
American Cancer Society. (n.d.). How are Tumor Markers Used?
National Cancer Institute. (n.d.). Stage IV and Recurrent Cancer Of The Colon.